Reaccreditation:National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria

National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria Reaccreditation Team with Members of the Paediatric Department

The department of Paediatrics hosted the reaccreditation team of the NPMCN on the 2nd and 3rd of February.

The team which was ably led by the Chairman, Prof A Ikefuna, had on its team, the secretary of NPMCN, Dr A. Ubesie and the Chief Examiner from UBTH Prof O Ibadin.

The exercise was successful and the reaccreditation impressed with the departmental growth.

MWAN: World Cancer Day

MWAN Anambra state, ably led by a seasoned paediatrician and Senior Lecturer of Paediatrics Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Dr Chinyere Ukamaka Onubuogu, marked the World Cancer Day on 5th February, in style, with a road walk and other public enlightenment programs through radio talk at Authority FM Nnewi, market outreach and social media campaigns.

MWAN leader Dr Onubogu with the Market Women Leader Agbedo Trader’s Association Nkwo Nnewi

Other academic members of the department of Paediatrics participated actively with Dr Chioma Mbachu leading the duo that educated the public via an hour long phone-in radio program on different types of cancer, and Dr Ogo Ofiaeli gave a talk on cervical cancer.


Vital Valentine Verses

Love is, today, the major thing at stake

Some may be frank but most are freaking fake

Many seem unable to apply their romanticization brake

Feigning ignorant of all that are potentially at stake

And all of it might not be for more than a piece of cake

Love can hardly thrive without spontaneous reciprocation

Never is it sustained outside the confines of that condition

Operationally, it could be a labile and reversible emotion

Even God’s love demands beneficiaries’ justification

Recalcitrant disobidience could exempt one from His benediction

Not unwise to be effusive in love, but recall that nothing on earth is indispensable

Even your own very life is feebly fleeting, and friable

Convince yourself that in the event of the very worst, you’ll be psychologically stable

Your emotional locus you must strive to hedge from passion associated trouble

Cerebration bonded celebration should be the day’s operational code

Expression of one’s affection shouldn’t be bereft of this cognitive mode

Let the succeeding months not reveal an unwanted uterine load

In place of contemptuous extravagance sing each other an ode

Better to indulge in nothing capable of riling your cardiac node

Step out of your way to show love to those outside the belt of your mutualism

Offer some hampers to those folks with hardship induced bruxism

Nothing prescribes that marking the day must be with your crush or opposite gender

On a day like this, even the most egregious of a scoundrel merits a heart that is meek & tender


By Dr Onah

Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Rises Against Child Abuse

In furtherance of the Vice Chancellor, Prof. Charles Esimone’s Pillars of Project 200, specifically, ‘Productive Community Service’, the Department of Paediatrics of the Nnamdi Azikiwe University, made significant impact at the recently concluded 53rd Paediatric Association of Nigeria conference, at Uyo, Akwa Ibom state.

The Conference which took place from 17th to 21st January, 2022, had as its theme, ‘Child Abuse: An Escalating Menace in Nigeria.’ There were about 500 attendees from across the country and the diaspora with Prof Olayinka Omigbodun, a Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, and the Provost of the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan eloquently delivering the keynote address titled ‘The Vicious Cycle of Child Abuse and National Insecurity’. 

In Nigeria six out of 10 children experience physical, emotional, or sexual abuse before the age of 18 years with serious consequences in the immediate and long term for the child, family, and the nation. Child abuse undermines National security by fuelling banditry, kidnapping and religious intolerance. 

A veteran of paediatrics, Prof Joy Chinelo Ebenebe of the Nnamdi Azikiwe University, (NAU) Awka, led a team comprising of a legal expert and 2 other NAU paediatricians/ lecturers, (Dr Ogochukwu Ofiaeli and Dr Chioma Mbachu) at the scientific symposium on Child Abuse and Social Media. Prof. Ebenebe spoke on ‘the Scope of Communication Media Related Child Abuse’ and gave some historical perspectives on the issue of Child Abuse. She defined Child Abuse as an act of negligence within the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power, which jeopardizes a child’s physical, sexual, emotional, social development, dignity and wellbeing. She identified parental negligence as a major contributory factor to Child Abuse issues in Nigeria and revealed startling statistics on offensive/inappropriate activities on social media which include sexual solicitation, sexual extortion, cybercrime tutelage, use of children to produce pornographic videos, amongst several others. Prof. Ebenebe, who was ably represented, further stated that the current awareness being created was for the benefit of all stakeholders in child health including parents, caregivers and teachers. She concluded by advising that relevant stakeholders should be empowered with knowledge of existing social media platforms, their content and function, stating that children were the future and there was need to jealously guard and guide their social media behavior. 

Dr Mbachu
Dr Ofiaeli

While speaking on the influence and effects of social media on child abuse, Dr Mbachu CN recommended intentional parenting, censoring of unhealthy social media sites, age/time limit to social media access and need for school social media blogs and website editorials for anti-abuse awareness campaigns. Dr Ofiaeli O, who engaged the audience on maximizing the benefits of social media in the control of child abuse, encouraged creating awareness about successfully prosecuted child abuse cases as a deterrent to intending offenders. 

Pre-conference Workshop Exercise

Pre-conference workshops were held on Helping Babies Breathe, Neonatal Resuscitation, Asthma and Allergies, Neonatal Respiratory Support, Child Neurology, Infectious Diseases and Paediatric Oncology. The Department of Paediatrics, NAU was also well represented in these workshops, with the Sub Dean, Dr Ezeudu CE in attendance. The Head of Paediatrics Department, NAU, Dr Ndukwu CI, was one of the facilitators of the Asthma /Allergy Course which was jointly organized by the Nigerian Thoracic Society and Little Lung Africa, for the Paediatric Association of Nigeria. Dr Ndukwu handled the sessions on Understanding the Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI), Diagnosis of Asthma, Allergy Skin Prick Testing and Current trends in Allergic Rhinitis Management. She also coordinated the ‘hands-on’ sessions on Spirometry, Calibration of spirometers and Nasal saline irrigation for management of Allergic Rhinitis.

Dr Ndukwu, Head of Paediatrics Department
L-R: Dr Ezeudu, Dr Mbachu, Dr Ekpundu

At the end of the conference, all stakeholders were called on to play more decisive roles in protecting children from child abuse, with strengthening of the reporting system for child abuse and punishment of offenders. 

Risk of newly diagnosed diabetes >30 days after COVID-19 infection among children (United States)

SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with worsening of diabetes symptoms, and persons with diabetes are at increased risk for severe COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 infection might also induce newly diagnosed diabetes.

Persons aged <18 years with COVID-19 were more likely to receive a new diabetes diagnosis >30 days after infection than were those without COVID-19 and those with prepandemic acute respiratory infections. Non–SARS-CoV-2 respiratory infection was not associated with an increased risk for diabetes.

The increased diabetes risk among persons aged <18 years following COVID-19 highlights the importance of COVID-19 prevention strategies in this age group, including vaccination for all eligible persons and chronic disease prevention and treatment.

For further details, visit the CDC link below

Gene therapy for sickle cell disease (December 2021)

The largest study of gene therapy for sickle cell disease has been published, including data from 35 patients with a median follow-up of over 17 months. 

The gene therapy construct uses an anti-sickling variant of beta globin, introduced into autologous hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells that are delivered by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

After transplant, vaso-occlusive events decreased from a mean of 3.5 to 0 annually, and median hemoglobin increased from 8.5 to ≥11 g/dL.

Transplant toxicities were as expected; one individual with underlying pulmonary hypertension and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy died after 20 months. Other gene therapy and gene editing approaches are under study.

Pediatric fatalities associated with over-the-counter cough and cold medications (November 2021)

Manufacturer labelling and US Food and Drug Administration recommendations strongly advise against the use of over-the-counter cough and cold medications (CCM) in young children.

A new report describes fatalities identified by a United States surveillance system and associated with CCM ingestion in children <12 years of age from 2008 to 2016. During this period, there were 40 reported deaths; the majority occurred in children <2 years old and involved diphenhydramine.

Root cause analysis determined that 13 deaths occurred after deliberate supratherapeutic administration by a caregiver with the goal of sedating or harming the child.

Health care providers should continue to educate caregivers on the dangers of CCM in children and maintain a high index of suspicion for child abuse with a low threshold for toxicology testing in infants and young children with unexplained signs or symptoms compatible with drug toxicity.